Commodore was founded in 1958 by Jack Tramiel. Initially typewriters were repaired and sold, and later they sold also their own models. They went into the calculator market. The supplier was the even todey well-known company Texas Instruments. When they saw that Commodore calculators sold very well (in 1975 in the Commodore's factory in England produced six million calculator and you had 30% market share) Texas Instruments stopped to supply the chips for Commodore and even brought their own, cheaper calculators on the market. This move Commodore had nearly driven into bankruptcy, but Irvin Gould saved Commodore and he got the largest shareholder of Commodore. Jack Tramiel realized that they would have to be independent of other companies and bought MOS Technologies, a semiconductor manufacturer who worked closely together with Commodore earlier. MOS sold the KIM-1 single board computer, which uses the CPU MOS 6502. On the basis of the KIM-1 Commodore developed the PET, one of the first completely assembled computers in the world. Then Commodore dominated the market for many years with home computers.
The VIC-20 is built around a multi-chip (VIC), and was built until 1985.
The VC-10 is an extremely limited C64 with only 4 Kbytes of memory and a bad-to-use membrane keyboard. He has no serial port and no user port. He arrived in Japan only in the market and was not a success.
The C64 had 64 Kbytes, excellent graphics and great sound (the best selling computer in the world around 22 million pieces). It was built 12 years long. There are several variants, such as a C64-game console (C64 GS) and a portable C64 (SX 64). At times, he had over 75% market share!
C16, C116 und Plus/4 (C264-series; 1984)
1984 Commodore presented the C16, C116 and Plus / 4. Commodore made mistakes: Ports have been changed and there were only 16 Kbytes of memory installed in the C16 and C116. The C116 was sold only in a few countries, and is technically a C16 with a rubber keyboard. The Plus/4 had 64 KB of memory and four built-in programs. Despite the improved Basic 3.5, the 264-line a flop.
C128 und 128-D (1985)
He had 128KB memory, a German keyboard and 3 operating systems: the C128 mode (with a better Basic 7.0), the C64 mode (Basic 2.0) and the CP/M mode. The C128 also existed in a variant with external keyboard and built-in drive as C128D.
SalesAt the beginning of 1994 Commodore tells the press how many Commodore computers were sold to Germany the first time (according to the situation on 31.12.1993)